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HOW WILL DRIVERLESS CARS WORK?


July 4, 2016 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Car Buying Articles


Autonomous Vehicles Technology

Autonomous Vehicles Technology

Autonomous cars come equipped with the most advanced set of technologies. These include computer vision, advanced GPS, radar and LIDAR. The driverless technology works by using numerous cameras and sensors that detect and collect distance and speed data from objects, cars, and the road. The information collected from these cameras and sensors are then fed into a control module.

This module comes with unique software that calculates information from the sensors and cameras to command appropriate actuators, such as the braking system pump and steering motor. For the cars to travel from Point A to B, the autonomous technology uses the GPS system, which works with an inertial navigation system to continuously calculate speed, direction, orientation, and position of the surrounding objects, the vehicle itself, and other vehicles around.

This data will be stored on a cloud and will be continuously updated on the onboard computer, including data collected from other vehicles. The technology will allow users to input preset journeys or perhaps send a message to the car via your smartphone to pick you up from your current location. The technology seems to be potentially safer and more efficient than regular cars and could perhaps be able to avoid collisions and reduce fatalities and injuries related to accidents.

According to recent reports, the NHTSA has established an official classification of autonomous systems. These classifications will generally be different levels of autonomous driving offered in vehicles, such as:

  • Level 0: Even though many people may enjoy driverless cars at first, it doesn’t change the fact that many people actually love driving. So, at level 0, the driver will have complete control of the vehicle at all times. However, if needed the driver may switch to autonomous mode level 1, 2, 3, or 4.
  • Level 1: In this level, the vehicle doesn’t exactly drive itself, but only individual controls are automated. For instance, the system will be able to detect the need of automatic braking or when to switch electronic stability control.
  • Level 2: This level is similar to level 1, the only difference being that the driver can choose two controls that can be automated in unison. Therefore, if you feel like you need your lane keeping system and adaptive cruise control both activated, you simply switch to level 2.
  • Level 3: At this level, the driver doesn’t have any need to switch safety-critical functions on or off. They system does so itself through the use of its technologies. The car will sense what conditions will require the driver to retake control and will provide a sufficient window for the driver to do so.
  • Level 4: On the last level, the driver can simply let go of the steering wheel, clutch, accelerator, and gear and enjoy the ride. The vehicle will perform all traveling related checks itself, from start to stop, while parking, and on the highway.
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